1. What is Martial art Means?
The art which teaches how to defend oneself with weapons and without weapons called “Martial art”. There are many martial arts in the world.
Styles of stick fighting
Bare knuckle boxing
· Bok Fu
· Jailhouse rock (52 Hands Block/JHR)
· Shootfighting (American)
· Muay Lao
· Angampora (අංගම්පොර)
· Cheena di (චීනාඩි)
· Krabi Krabong (กระบี่-กระบอง)
· Lerdrit (เลิศฤทธิ์)
· Muay Boran (มวยโบราณ)
· Muay Thai (มวยไทย)
· Nhat Nam
· Pygmachia (Ancient Greek Boxing)
· Pale (Ancient Greek wrestling)
· Pankration (Ancient Greek Hybrid Combat Sport)
· Kampfringen (Medieval Wrestling)
· La Canne
· Varzesh-e Bastani / Pahlavani (Persian wrestling)
· Tahtib (Egyptian Stick Fighting)
· Furusiyya (Mamluk Knightly Martial Exercises)
· Mau Rakau (Maori)
· Kapu Kuialua (Hawaii)
· Zen Do Kai (Australia)
· Coreeda (Australian Wrestling)
Like this there are many karate styles. Here style means schools of karate.
· Chito- ryu
· Goju- ryu
· Gosoku- ryu
· Kyokushin –kai
· Seido Juku
· Shindo jinen-ryu
The World Karate Federation recognizes these styles of karate in its kata list
The World Union of Karate-do Federations (WUKF) recognizes these styles of karate in its kata list.
Many schools would be affiliated with, or heavily influenced by, one or more of these styles.
2. Which martial art we’re practicing and what is the advantage?
We’re practicing “Karate” and our style of karate is called “Wado-Ryu” means Peace way in English. It’s a mixed art of Karate and Ju-Jutsu. The style of karate which this Wado-ryu came from is “Shotokan and The style of Ju-Jutsu which this Wado- ryu came from is Shindo Yoshinryu Jujutsu. This system is created by Prof. Hironori Ohtsuka.
Wa, do, and ryu. Wa means "harmony," do means "way," and ryu means "style." Harmony should not be interpreted as pacifism; it is simply the acknowledgment that yielding is sometimes more effective than brute strength. From one point of view, Wado-ryu might be considered a style of jujutsu rather than karate. Once stated by the founder of this style “Prof.Hironori Ohtsuka” "If Wado Karate was a soup, then the Karate part of Wado would just be like a pinch of salt!" A key principle in Wado-ryu is that of Tai sabaki (often incorrectly referred to as 'evasion'). The Japanese term can be translated as "body-management," and refers to body manipulation so as to move the defender as well as the attacker out of harm's way. The way to achieve this is to 'move along' rather than to 'move against'—or harmony rather than physical strength. Taisabaki is the core of Wado-ryu.
Let’s see the advantage of this system. There are three kind of fighting ways in the world.
But Wado- ryu, Mixed Martial art and Sambo are practising these three methods of fighting.
But Wado defers a lot from the other martial arts. Because Wado schools teaching this art in the traditional way. This traditional way of teaching leads to reach the “Spiritual” part. Here the practitioners are suppose to do meditation, they’re suppose to do kicks, they’re suppose to do punches, they’re suppose to do throws, they’re suppose to do submissions, grapple methods and locks and chokes. Even this style stress Katas (Forms) with pressure point applications and weapons also. These are the additional perks which the practitioner gets. So Wado-ryu karate completely covers all the fighting methods. But this karate style demands a longer period of time to become an expert. It’s necessary to spend time to become a complete fighter.
4.Why should I practice karate?
The benefits of karate practice are myriad. Physically it enhances strength, coordination, stamina, balance and flexibility. It is well documented that regular exercise can improve both the quality and longevity of your life and that it makes people feel happier and more alert. There is also evidence that exercise can help cognitive brain function. Everything that you do in your life becomes a bit easier because of your karate practice.
Karate trains the mind as well as the body, resulting in improved self-awareness, discipline, confidence and will power. Not only will you become more confident that you can defend yourself, but your confidence to tackle all of life's trials will grow.
One of the translations of the Japanese symbol for martial arts (the "bu" in "budo") is "to stop conflict". This is a philosophical goal for a martial artist, but does not only apply to external conflicts. Karate training results in feeling less conflict within you as a result of what's usually referred to as increased "inner harmony" and "inner strength".
Ohtsuka meijin referred in his book “Wado-Ryu Karate”
"Training in conditions of extreme cold or extreme heat over long periods of time, as well as physically stressful training will assist in gaining the mental (as well as physical) strength that can encounter any dire situation."
5.How often should I practice?
Beginners (and advanced students for that matter) should establish a regular and consistent training schedule in order to learn techniques efficiently and not develop too many bad habits. In general, the more you train the faster you'll learn. Three times a week is a reasonable target for beginners to aspire to. Two times a week is OK, but learning is slower. It is important that beginners not expect instant results! And train only under the supervision of an authorized instructor/ coach. Karate takes patience and perseverance - it takes years to become proficient no matter how often you train. You must also balance training with your life. Don't neglect other things due to excessive training. Giving rest to the body is also important here. The practitioner needs at least 7 hours of sleep to maintain good health.
6.Can older people practice karate?
Karate can be practised at any age as long as a person is relatively healthy. A physical exam and doctor's OK is a good idea for anyone older than age 50 or so. Older people may not be as strong, fast or flexible as someone in their 20's, but they can still practice karate at their own pace and derive great physical and emotional benefit from it. But the practitioner should train under the supervision of an instructor is advisable.
7.From which age group children can start practising karate?
This depends on the child's maturity and attention span, which can vary widely among individuals. For most children, age 5 should be considered as a minimum and around age 10 as an optimum starting age.
The value of teaching martial arts to very young children is arguable. Kids who start young usually end up quitting young. They view karate as just another one of a parade of activities that mom and dad have ushered them through (like kid’s games and fun activity). So the child is really interested and it’s advisable to start from the age of 5.
8.Will I get hurt practising karate?
Karate training is very rigorous. Bumps, bruises and sore muscles are not uncommon. Serious injuries are extremely uncommon; however, because karate emphasizes physical and mental control as well as respect for your training partner. No contact is allowed during our sparring exercises or during competitions. In this school students aren't allowed to spar without gears and safety guards by their instructors. So karate practice is considerably safer than many other popular sports.
9.How long must I train before I can defend myself?
The ability to defend oneself from attack is dependent on many factors. Certainly, the longer you train, the more able you will become. Nothing of great lasting value comes easily or quickly. That is why our Kaizen Wado School focus on traditional way. We’re not focusing on sports type of teaching. The traditional schools teach the katas (Forms) with the valuable pressure point techniques. So our first focus is to improve the physical part and technical part of the participant and it aids to improve the mental strength automatically.
Three strengths are very important to a karate ka (Practitioner).
The person who is only physically strong has the 50 percent chances to win the opponent who is physically, technically and mentally strong.
The person who is only technically strong has the 50 percent chances to win the opponent who is physically, technically and mentally strong.
The person who is only mentally strong has the chances of 80 percent to win the opponent who is physically, technically and mentally strong.
So the above three strengths are really a vital part to win a battle.
10. How you can get “Physical strength”
If you exercise properly it’ll gives strength and flexibility and conditions your body to defend yourself from the hard blows and gradually you’ll become fit.
So here the first part is covered – Physical strength.
11. How you can get “Technical strength”
If you practise the basic techniques, kicks, punches and kata (Forms) lessons with proper bunkai (Applications and meanings of the technique). You’ll be technically strong. More the time you spend, more you’ll become technically good.
So here the second part is covered – Technical strength.
12. How you can get “Mental strength”
If you’re physically strong and technically strong then you don’t want to fear about anything so you’ll get mental strength. The one who practices daily with dedication he’ll automatically get mental strength. Because that practitioner who practices in the traditional way by start with the meditation can gradually reaches the strong mental state. So he could control his mind and knows how to deal with fear, anger and depression.
So each thing is interconnected. So our Kaizen Wado focuses on these things very carefully.
13. Will I have to compete in tournaments?
If you want to, then you can. We participate in a number of regular competitions as a supplemental form of training and a means to test skills. Competition is stressed as an important, but optional, training opportunity. Tournament prowess is not a goal in traditional karate. More important is development of body, mind and a non-violent philosophy.
1. How long does it take to become black belt?
It takes minimum three years to complete the syllabus to earn a black belt.
2. Can students of any age become black belt?
Twelve and above are the capable for black belt exam.
3. How often grading exams for the belts are held and what is the duration between them?
Junior level belt grading like “yellow, orange, green and blue belts take four to five months of duration to appear for the examination.
4. Does grading exams consist of theory or practical demonstration of techniques or both?
5. How important is meditation in Karate especially Wado-ryu?
Not only in Wado karate, but every martial art schools teach meditation. In Wado we practice “Zen” meditation. This is very essential for the metal development. The goal meditation is to reach the state of “Mushin” means emptiness or “no mind”. This is the state every practitioner tries to reach. Mushin no shin a zen expression meaning the mind without mind and is also referred to as the state of "no-mindness". That is, mind is not fixed or occupied by thought or emotion and thus open to everything. By reach this level we can get rid of many unessential qualities like “Ego, Jealous, Fear and anger, Goal of the Spiritual (Not religious) organizations is also “Mushin”. Means they want to reach the same state but they say the “emptiness” (Mushin”) is god. Martial artists say this state called “Mushin”. So it’s totally spiritual.
6. What is Kata and bunkai and why is it important in Karate?
Kata means “Forms”. You can call this also “Lesson”. The goal of kata is to practise the techniques to become an expert and to thorough all the movements and do them without hesitation and thinking. So when you execute some techniques you should execute that from your subconscious mind. Means by practicing kata one could react without thinking in the real life situations.
Kata is also like meditation. When you start kata, you should perform each moment with the intention and purpose of its technique. By this way you should focus on the technique not in any other thing. There are no opponents and nothing to grab, you have to perform alone with the good spirit. By practicing kata one can improve the concentration level and will power. If you set a goal to perform a kata 15 times consequently. Then you should prepare your mind and start it, when your reach the 7th time you will be feel physically tired and when reach the 12th round you’ll be mentally tired at this point you’ll get a feel to stop. But after the 12th round you should gather all your energy and mental strength to perform the remaining 3 rounds. So these three rounds are the crucial deciding factor whether you are a good “Budo Ka” (Martial artist) or not. So that’s why I said “Kata is a good platform for the practitioners to improve the self confidence level and will power.
Bunkai means “application”. It requires a partner to practise the predefined techniques of a particular kata. It’s a heart of kata. One should practise kata with bunkai is highly recommend and advised by many senior martial artists. It contains many self defence and vital point techniques. By practicing bunkai a participant can be touch with many good techniques. Paper, pen or a computer keyboard is not enough for me to explain this. So I can simply say practicing kata without bunkai is totally wrong.
7.What are the rules of practicing in dojo (Training hall)?
DOJO KUN (Dojo Rules):